A mysterious thing has started happening in the Siberian Tundra. Massive holes have started to form in Siberian, they have occurred violently and fast over the past years. The first one appeared in 2013. Most of the holes look eerie and out of the world. It is formed when a powerful blowout of methane gas occurs which is throwing ice and rock hundreds of feet away. This process is leaving a gaping circular scar in the empty and eerie landscape.
It is the 17th hole to appear in Yamal and Gyda peninsulas in the Russian Arctic. The craters are forming over time but there is no phenomenon to explain it. Scientists are studying it with the help of drone photography, 3D modeling, and artificial intelligence.
Evgeny Chuvilin, the lead research scientist at the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology’s Center for Hydrocarbon Recovery in Moscow, said that it was the first time they got the chance to study an untouched crater. This was the first crater that did not have water deposited on it. In other words, it wasn’t tampered with by external agents. So, it was easier to study its formation.
The Drone study got around 80 images of the crater and scientists drew a faint idea of how deep the crater was. It was almost 30 meters deep, as many as 3 buses could fit into it. Scientists deduct that the methane gas builds in a cavity in the ice, causing a mound to appear at ground level. Then the mound grows in size and blows out the ice and debris causing an explosion.
Scientists are gathering information and found that most craters appeared during May-June. They may be correct about climate change and rising temperatures causing the craters in Siberian Permafrost.